The Best Way to Sample Flour for Quality Control

Tod Myers

A flour mill operations manager often starts the day by checking processing data in the lab where product samples are tested to assess the mills performance and check for any issues such as contamination.

Proper flour sampling can make or break quality control analysis in a flour milling operation. A quality control test is only as good as the tested sample, which is only as good as the flour sampling technique used to obtain a true representative sample that has the characteristics of the whole lot or batch that’s tested.

Obtaining A True Representative Sample

Collecting a sample from a flour milling process requires a consistent, accurate, repeatable method with as little bias as possible. Since a random grab sample taken by hand isn’t sufficient to ensure little sample variation and repeatability, automated flour sampling is a must.

Obtaining a true representative flour sample means accurate analysis about moisture, protein, ash, gluten, water absorption and other key parameters. That analysis is vital to monitor and control the entire milling process that produces consistent, high quality flour for customers.

Using the right flour sampling method and sampler requires knowing the properties of the flour. In flour sampling, segregation can be an issue, particularly as the particle size distribution increases. Different size flour particles mix as they move. Fine flour particles vibrate and move into the spaces between larger particles, forcing the large flour particles to rise to the top of a container over time. Because the top layer contains larger particles, and finer particles tend to migrate towards the bottom, the flour particle segregation means a hand scoop sampling method produces a sample that is not representative of the entire lot.

The best sampling method for mixed flour particles as the flour is moving or pouring freely is an automated sampler integrated directly into the conveying line. Continuous sampling and analysis of the flour is ideal when the flow rate and moisture content varies so that the milling operation can be adjusted appropriately. In addition, the size of the sample needs to be large enough to represent the batch or lot, yet a manageable amount. The sample needs to retain its integrity without modification by the sampler.

Determining The Best Sampler For Your Needs

The sampler type is usually determined by the particle homogeneity and where the sampling point is located in a process. Three types of samplers are used for various bulk solids applications, including flour:

  1. Point sampler: takes a sample from a point in a process stream. This type works best with homogenous flour or grain without variation in particle size, density or composition.
  2. Strip sampler: obtains a sample in a gravity chute or in a pneumatic transfer line. This type works when the product isn’t homogenous and has a wide range of particle size.
  3. Cross cut sampler: Collects a sample across the width of a process stream. This type mounts in gravity chutes and vertical or angled spouts. It produces the most representative sample.

Determining the quality of a flour product requires proper analysis of a true representative sample that’s obtained from the proper sampler type designed for the characteristics of the product sample.

The key to ensuring quality control and a reliable food safety program is testing samples that are representative of the entire product batch. Only then can flour millers be confident their products have been properly tested for quality and potential contamination.

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Written by Tod Myers

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